Do not be put off by the theory below. You do not need this to be able to do the exercises, but it is useful to know what duration notes and rest have.
NR.1 t/m 7
“de quarter notes”
Duration of the notes and rest.
The quarter rest takes one beat
The eighth note takes half a beat and
has one flag
Two eighths together take one beat
they are connected by one flag.
It makes no difference whether the notes are written together or separately. The duration remains the same. The ‘flag’ (the line at the top that connects the notes) determines the duration. So these are 4 eighth notes (they have one flag)
The half note lasts 2 beats
The half rest lasts 2 beats (note: this rest is on the 3 line)
The half note with dot takes 3 beats.
The dot next to a note or rest prolongs that note or rest with half its value. Half note = 2 beats + half is 1 beat, together 3 beats
The half rest with dot takes 3 beats
The dot extends half the rest, the dotted rest takes 3 beats.
The whole note takes 4 beats
The whole rest takes two beats in a 2/4 measure, in a 3/4 – 3 beats and in a 4/4 it takes 4 beats. Note this note is at the bottom of the 4th line.
The sixteenth note takes a quarter of a beat and has 2 flags
The sixteenth rest takes a quarter of a beat
and has 2 flags
These are 4 sixteenth notes and take together one beat. The notes can be replaced one by one by a rest. See below.
The first note of this group of 4 sixteen was replaced by a rest. The duration of these 4 together remains one beat.
The second part of this group of 4 sixteen was replaced by a rest. The duration of these 4 together remains one beat.
The quarter with dot lasts one-and-a-half beat (the dot lengthens the value of the note by half a beat)
The quarter rest with dot takes one and a half beat. Also with the rest the dot extends the duration of the note by half the value. (quarter = 1 beat, dot = half beat)
The eighth note with dot takes half a beat + a quarter of a beat. (Actually, this is an eighth plus a sixteenth note.)
The eighth rest with dot takes a half beat + a quarter beat.
The above notes and rests can be combined in many ways into a group of notes. Such a group is then called a motive. For the examples, see the exercises in this course.